Latest News & Updates

News Snippets for July

  • Facebook is leaping into the world of cryptocurrency with its owm digital  money called Libra. It is described as anew global currency . The initiative has the potential to allow more than a billion unbanked people around the world access to online commerce and financial services.
  • For Facebook announced a dedicated wallet called calibra.
  • Calibra will store Libras. It will be available as a standalone app, also within Messenger and Whatsapp.
  • Namdapha National park 
  • Namdapha is name of a river which originates from Daphabum (Dapha is the name of hill, Bum means peak of hill) and meets Noa – Dehing river. 
  • The name Namdapha has been given based on the river Namdapha which passes through it. 
  • It is located between the Dapha bum range of the Mishmi Hills and the Patkai range
  • In local Singphoo language Nam means water or river and Dapha is the name of a clan of Singphoo tribe. 
  • Here Tiger park is facing a Crisis.
  • The Biomes recognised are evergreen Forests, Moist deciduous forests, sub-tropical forests, Temperate Forests and Alpine
  • The Namdapha flying squirrel was first collected in the park and described. It is endemic to the park and critically endangered. 
  • Conservation of Gangetic Dolphins
  • Ministry of Shipping in its response to a question in parliament has provided its plan of safeguard the population of the Ganges River Dolphin by restricting the speeds of vessels and blowing sirens and horns .
  • It plans to implement these steps in the country’s one dolphin reserve through which National Waterway-1 connecting Haldia to Varanasi passes.
  • The Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary (VGDS), from Sultanganj to Kahalganj on the Ganga in Bihar is the only dolphin sanctuary in the country. 
  • LIGO India
  • LIGO India will come up, in Hingoli district of Maharashtra.
  • The project is formally in the construction phase, with the building designconceptualized.
  • IndIGO (Indian Initiative in Gravitational-wave Observations) is an initiative to set up advanced experimental facilities for a multi-institutional.
  • The acronym LIGO stands for Laser Interferometer Gravitational-WaveObservatory.
  • It consists of a pair of huge interferometers.
  • Interferometers are investigative tools and work by merging two or moresources of light to create an interference pattern, which can be measuredand analyzed.
  • Gharial Crocodile Population

Odisha has renewed its effort to revive the population of gharials, a species of crocodile, in their natural habitat by releasing five reptiles into the Satkosia gorge of Mahanadi — the southernmost limit of gharials’ home range in India.

Odisha is the only state with having all three species – gharial, mugger and saltwater crocodile.

About Gharial Crocodile:

  • IUCN – Critically Endangered
  • Protected under Schedule I of WPA, 1972
  • IMF cuts India’s growth forecast for 2019-20 to 7%

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) in its “World Economic Outlook” Report has cut India’s growth forecast for 2019-20 to 7% from its forecast in April of 7.3%.

  • Sluggish Global growth: The report highlights that the global economic growth is expected to remain subdued at 3.2% due to US-China Trade wars, uncertainty over Brexit and impact of rising geopolitical tensions on international crude oil prices.
  • Investment and consumption expenditure: The report has further highlighted that investment and consumption expenditure has remained subdued both in the advanced and developing economies leading to slowdown in their growth rates.
  • India’s GDP Forecasts: In April 2019, the report had forecasted the GDP to grow at 7.3%. However,in its latest edition, it has highlighted that the GDP growth may slow down to 7% due to subdued consumption expenditure.
  • Japan`s Hayabusa 2 spacecraft made its second touchdown on asteroid 162173 Ryugu on July 11.
  • Hayabusa 2 first touched down in February this year and bounced away.
  • In March, it launched the French-German Mobile Asteroid Surface Scout, or MASCOT, towards Ryugu`s surface.
  • The 10 kg box shaped MASCOT is loaded with sensors and can take images at multiple wavelengths, investigate minerals with a microscope, gauge surface temperatures and measure magnetic fields.
  • Upon touching down, Hayabusa 2 fired a bullet into the asteroid, blasting up debris and collecting it in the sampler horn.
  • Scientists say that Ryugu may contain organic matter that may have contributed to life on Earth. Hayabusa 2 will survey the asteroid, collect more samples and depart in December this year.
  • It is expected to return to Earth in December 2020.
  • World Hepatitis Day
  • World Hepatitis Day, 28 July, is an opportunity to step up national and international efforts on hepatitis, encourage actions and engagement by individuals, partners and the public and highlight the need for a greater global response as outlined in the WHO’s Global hepatitis report of 2017.
  • The date of 28 July was chosen because it is the birthday of Nobel-prize winning scientist Dr Baruch Blumberg, who discovered hepatitis B virus (HBV) and developed a diagnostic test and vaccine for the virus. 
  • Low coverage of testing and treatment is the most important gap to be addressed in order to achieve the global elimination goals by 2030.
  • Red Mud
  • Red Mud is a solid waste generated during the aluminium production process,Productive utilisation of bauxite residue, commonly known as the ‘Red Mud’.  
  • An interactive workshopcalled ‘Waste To Wealth’ was organized by Ministry of Mines in the capital.
  • This is an environmental concern due to presence of impurities such as caustic soda and others minerals.
  • Global generation of red mud is more than 150 million tons and there exists a global inventory of more than 3 billion tons. Red mud generation in India is around 9 million tons per year.
  2. The Minister of Culture informed Lok Sabha about the Seva Bhoj Yojana.
  3. Seva Bhoj Yojna is a Central Sector Scheme.
  4. Government of India is running Seva Bhoj Yojana for providing assistance to charitable religious institutions for serving free food to public.
  5. Under the scheme, the financial assistance will be provided for free food offered by charitable/religious institutions like Gurudwara, Temples, Dharmik Ashram, Mosques, Dargah, Church, Math, Monasteries etc.
  6. The specific raw food items covered under the Scheme are:  Ghee, Edible Oil  Sugar,Burra,Jaggery , Rice , Atta,Maida,Rava,Flour and Pulses.
  1. Law Commission to be formed soon.
  2. The Law Ministry has initiated the process of setting up the 22nd Law Commission which gives advice to the government on complex legal issues.
  3. The three-year term of the 21st Law Commission under Justice B.S. Chauhan had ended on August 31, 2018. About Law Commission
  4. It is an executive body established by an order of the Government of India.
  5. Its major function is to work for legal reform.
  6. Its membership primarily comprises legal experts, who are entrusted a mandate by the Government.
  1. NIA (Amendment) Bill 2019
  2. Three major amendments made to the National Investigation Agency (NIA) Act of 2008.
  3. Under existing Act, the NIA can investigate offences under Atomic Energy Act, 1962 and the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act, 1967.
  4. The amendment will enable the NIA to additionally investigate offences related to, human trafficking,ü counterfeit currency,ü manufacture or sale of prohibited arms,ü cyber-terrorism, andü offences under the Explosive Substances Act, 1908.ü
  2. Some moons around distant, giant planets can break free of their orbits and end up circling the host star like a planet instead.
  3. An international team of astronomers have descried these hypothetical moons as ploonets.
  4. When the moons of exoplanets break away from their own orbits, went rogue and acts like a planet, it is called “Ploonet.”
  5. It gets it name from ‘Planet + moon = Ploonet’.
  6. As the exoplanets move inward toward their suns, the orbits of their moons are often disrupted.
  1.  Ebola outbreak a global health emergency
  2. WHO declared the Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo a “public health emergency of international concern,” a rare designation only used for the gravest epidemics.
  3. Ebola is a rare but deadly virus that causes sudden fever, intense weakness, muscle pain and a sore throat.
  4. It progresses to vomiting, diarrhoea and both internal and external bleeding.
  5. It is formerly known as Ebola haemorrhagic fever, Ebola virus disease (EVD)
  2. Oceanographic research vessel of DRDO, INS Sagardhwani, embarked on a two-month long SAGAR MAITRI (SM) Mission-2 from Southern Naval Command (SNC) in Kochi
  3. Sagar Maitri is a initiative of Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
  4. The prime objectives of the SAGAR MAITRI Mission:
  5. Data collection from the entire North Indian Ocean,
  6. focussing on the Andaman Sea and adjoining seas and establishing long-term collaboration with eight IOR countries in the field of ocean research and development.
  7. The other IOR countries, include Oman, Maldives, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia and Myanmar.
  1.  Paramarsh
  2. HRD Ministry has launched ‘Paramarsh’ a scheme for Mentoring National Accreditation and Assessment Council (NAAC) Accreditation Aspirant Institutions.
  3. University Grants Commission is the implementing agency of Paramarsh Scheme.
  4. The scheme aims to promote Quality Assurance in Higher Education.
  5. This scheme will target 1000 Higher Education Institutions for mentoring with a specific focus on quality as enumerated in the UGC “Quality Mandate”.
  6. The Scheme will be operationalized through a “Hub & Spoke” model.
  7. The Mentor Institution called the “Hub” is centralized and will have the responsibility of guiding the Mentee institution through the secondary branches the “Spoke” through the services provided to the mentee for self-improvement.