50-Most Probable CSAT Questions

Directions for the following 6 items

Read the following two passages and answer the items that follow each passage. Your answer to  these items should be based on the passages


The Vedas may be full of hymns and religious invocations, but they also tell stories, speculate about the world and – true to the argumentative propensity already in view – ask difficult questions. A basic doubt concerns the very creation of the world: did someone make it,was it a spontaneous emergence, and is there a God who knows what really happened? The Rigveda goes on to express radical doubts on these issues: ‘Who really knows? Who will here proclaim it? When was it produced? When was this creation? perhaps it formed itself, or perhaps it did not – the one who looksdown on it, in the highest heaven, only he knows – or perhaps he doesnot know.’ These doubts from the second millennium BCE would recur again and again in India’s long argumentative history, along with agreat many other questions about epistemology and ethics . They survive side by side with intense religious beliefs and deeply respectful faith and devotion.

1.   What is the central theme of the passage?

(a) The Vedas are irreligious in nature

(b) Some of the ancient literatures like the Vedas are timeless

(c) Vedas strike a balance between being religious and inquisitive at the same time

(d) None of the above

2.   The word ‘epistemology’ means, the study of:

(a) Philosophy    (b) Knowledge

(c) Faith                (d) Morality


When States remain backward for long, they are ushered in to create new growth in order to catch up with the rest. While this kind of growth-centric discourse has been the rhetoric of the neo-liberal economy for the last three decades, it neatly overlaps with the aspirations that lie behind the creation of smaller States. However, the nature of the economy in these States remains distinct, since they are latecomers. The lack of industry, an agrarian crisis and a low level of infrastructural facilities push such States into adopting a model of development where growth can be achieved in spite of these handicaps. This, as we witnessed with the examples of the three smaller States, results in an unprecedented exploitation of raw materials such as the mining of minerals instead of the creation of industry, wanton land deals, a boost to the construction industry and the conversion of fertile agricultural land into speculative real estate transactions, since agriculture in any case was untenable and non-profitable. Alongside these possibilities, Telangana has also been a haven for liquor contractors since a large chunk of State revenue is from liquor contracts. Civil, liquor and mining contractors have come to constitute the dominant, economic elite and the political class. Added to this speculative nature of the economy – especially in the case of Telangana – is the excessive concentration of resources in the capital city of Hyderabad. Since Hyderabad is already well-developed in terms of infrastructure, there remains little possibility of developing other smaller towns for the purpose of economic investments. It is precisely for this reason that the clamour over Hyderabad is detrimental to the interests of other backward districts in the region. Therefore, it is reasonable to bring into question how such a model of growth will be able to address the aspirations of the various social groups that have mobilised themselves relentlessly in a struggle for a separate state of Telangana.

3.   Which of these should a handicap backward states have to overcome in order to catch up with other states?

(a) Under developed industry and agricultural output.

(b) Lack of infrastructure and industry.

(c) Lack of resources and industry.

(d) All of the above.

4.   According to the passage, gross output of backward state is boosted to match up developed state by-

1.  Deprioritizing Agriculture and Industry.

2.  Developing Industry to match raw materials.

3.  Developing infrastructure by exploiting resources.

4.  Building infrastructure by promoting construction.

Select the correct code:

(a) Only 1, 2 & 3

(b) Only 1, 3 & 4

(c) Only 2, 3 & 4

(d) All of the above

5.   According to the passage what is the detrimental effect of implementing quick growth policies-

1.  It only leads to increase in output not growth as there is no real development in industry or agriculture.

2.  It limits growth to a few urban centers.

3.  The revenues only flow into the hands of few such as contractors and politicians.

4.  It does not solve problem of unemployment.

Select the correct code:

(a) Only 1, 3 & 4      (b)             Only 1, 2 & 3

(c) Only 2, 3 & 4      (d)             Only 1, 2 & 4

6.   According to the passage why is it harmful to have a well-developed urban centre in a new smaller, backward state?

(a) It highlights harsh disparities in urban and rural development.

(b) It diminishes the need for developing rural infrastructure.

(c) It brings in speculation to the real estate market.

(d) It increases the overall cost of living.  

7.   A mother and a daughter working together can complete a work in 4 days. But if mother works alone, she can complete the work in 6 days. Both of them worked for one day and mother had to leave. How long will the daughter take to complete the remaining work?

(a) 6   days           (b) 12 days

(c) 9  days            (d) 14 days

8.   A question paper consists of 2 sections having respectively 3 and 5 respectively.  The following way is given on paper. “It is not necessary to attempt all the questions. One question from each section is compulsory.” In how many ways a candidate can select the questions?

(a) 123                   (b) 217

(c) 270                   (d) 165

9.   A person sold a cow at a gain of 15%. Had  he bought for 25% less and sold it Rs 60 less, he would have made a profit of 32%. The cost price of the cow is..?

(a) 265                   (b) 360

(c) 375                   (d) 475

10. Ram walks around a circular field at the rate of one round per hour while Kishan runs around it at the rate of six rounds per hour. They start in the same direction from the same point at 7.30 a.m. They shall first cross each other at:

(a) 7.42 a.m.       (b) 7.48 a.m.

(c) 8.10 a.m.       (d) 8.30 a.m.

Directions for the following 6 items

Read the following two passages and answer the items that follow each passage. Your answer to  these items should be based on the passages


Women’s traditional role in debates and discussions has certainly been much less pronounced than that of men in India (as would also be true of most countries in theworld). But it would be a mistake to think that vocal leadership by women is completely out of line with anything that has happened in India’s past. Indeed, even if we go back all the way to ancient India, some of the most celebrated dialogues have involved women, with the sharpest questionings often coming from women interlocutors. This can be traced back even to the Upanishads – the dialectical treatises that were composed from about the eighth century BCE and which are often taken to be foundations of Hindu philosophy. For example, in the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad we are told about the famous ‘arguing combat’ in which Yajnavalkya, the outstanding scholar and teacher, has to face questions from the assembled gathering of pundits, and here it is a woman scholar, Gargi, who provides the sharpest edge to the intellectual interrogation. She enters the fray without any special modesty: ‘Venerable Brahmins, with your permissionI shall I ask him two questions only. If he is able to answer those questions of mine, then none of you can ever defeat him in expounding the nature of God.’

11. From the passage, what do you think was the role of women in the debates of past?

(a) The women played a major role in philosophical discussions

(b) Women were often sidelined in the discussions

(c) Though in a smaller role, women took part in the major philosophical discussions

(d) Women were granted to take part only with the majority permission

12. What does the word ‘dialectic’ mean?

(a) Logical discourse

(b) Philosophical speech

(c) Ethical teaching

(d) None of the above


Sardar Patel, the architect of States unification, was worried that Indian democracy would prove transient: “Almost overnight we have introduced…the superstructure of a modern system of government… unless the transplanted growth takes a healthy root in the soil, there will be a danger of collapse and chaos.” In the six decades since then,India’s home-grown democracy has held together beautifully – or so India is fond of telling the world. Yet every so often this smug self-belief is shattered by incidents so gruesome, so medieval that they serve to recall the Sardar’s worst fears. How can a nationcast in a modern, liberal democratic framework, with a Constitution held up as a model  to emulate and laws that match the best in the world, tolerate the ugly phenomenon of khap panchayats with their kangaroo court-style instant justice? For years,the panchayats, prevalent mainly in the North Indian States of Haryana, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh,have practised violence as if it was a credo, brutally and summarily punishing those over stepping the redlines. This form of ‘retributive justice’ hasparticularly targeted young men and women seeking to marry within the same gotra. In village after village, khap panchayats have hounded out, forcibly separated, and all failing, murdered newly married couples – justifying the horrendous edicts as necessary to uphold local culture and honour.Several remedial measures have been suggested to rein in the khap panchyats, including a separate section in the Indian Penal Code. However, any enhancement of the legal architecture must be complemented by social enlightenment for results to prove enduring. The khaps have become a law unto themselves because of social and political support. At a recent khap mahapanchayat, members had thetemerity to demand a new law to prevent same go tramarriages. Without a change in this reactionary attitude, India will remain a country that ritually holds elections but falls way short of a truly modern, liberal democracy.

13. Which statements are correct according to the above passage?

1.  Indian democracy has shaped up to be what our forefathers imagined.

2.  Indian democracy is transitional and dynamic.

3.  The steadfast vision of Indian democracy is time and again marred by blots of unconstitutional acts in public eye.

4.  India can never be a true democracy till we learn to be liberal.

Select the correct code:

(a) Only 1 & 2     (b) Only 2 & 3

(c) Only 3 & 4     (d) Only 1 & 4

14. Which one of the statements is true accordingto the passage?

(a) Sardar Patel believed new evils would take root in the new system of governance.

(b) Sardar Patel was worried that Indian democracy would be short lived as we had suddenly introduced a new form ofgovernance.

(c) Sardar Patel feared we would never be ableto transition into a true democracy.

(d) Sardar Patel believed a true democracy needs to be rooted and transitional at once.

15. Why does the author believe that the actions of Khap Panchayats and Kangaroo courts are undemocratic and unconstitutional?

(a) They make judgments without looking intoproper proof and evidence.

(b) They are against liberal ideas such as samegotra marriages.

(c) They diktat criminal acts to uphold arbitrary definitions of culture.

(d) They support antiquated ideas such ascasteism.

16. Which of the following are correct accordingto the passage?

1.  The Khap Panchayats stand for all that iswrong with the Indian Democracy.

2.  Laws can only lead to progress in a society, when, supported by the parallel threads of social change.

3.  The khap panchayats were audacious enough to demand a law against same gotra marriages.

4.  The Khap Panchayats exist due to votebank politics.

Select the correct code:

(a) Only 1 & 4     (b) Only 3 & 4             

(c) Only 3 & 1     (d) Only 3 & 2

17. The edges of a cuboid are in the ratio 1:2:3 and its surface area is 88 sq.cm. The volume of the Cuboid is:

(a) 24 cu.cm        (b) 48 cu.cm

(c) 64 cu.cm        (d) 120 cu.cm

Directions for the following  (Q.18-22)

Read the following information carefully and answer the questions that are given below.

(i)  P, Q, R, S, T and U are travelling in a bus.

(ii) There are two reporters, two technicians, one photographer and one writer in the group.

(iii)                          The photographer P is married to S who is a reporter.

(iv)                         The writer is married to Q who is in the same profession as that ‘U’.

(v) P, R, Q, S are two married couples and nobody in the group has same profession.

(vi)                         U is brother of R.

18. Which is the following is a pair of technicians?

(a) RS

(b) SU

(c) PT

(d) QU

19. Which of the following is a pair of reporters?

(a) PQ

(b) RT

(c) ST

(d) SU

20. How is R related to U?

(a) Brother         

(b) Sister

(c) Uncle

(d) Cannot be determined

21. Which of the followings is a couple?

(a) PQ

(b) QR

(c) QS

(d) PT

22. Which of the following is a pair of husbands?

(a) PQ                   

(b) PR

(c) QS

(d) Cannot be determiend

23. If half of the bolts and half of the nuts are rusted in a bag containing 50 bolts and 150 nuts. And if we choose an item from that bag at random, then find the probability that it is a rusted or a bolt?

(a) 7/8

(b) 3/8

(c) 1/8

(d) 5/8

24. The present age of Radha is 4 years more than the square of the present age Madhu. When Madhu will be as old as  Radha is now, the age of Radha will be 3 years more than ten times the present age of Madhu. If the present ages of Radha and Madhu are integers. Find the sum (in years) of the present ages of Radha and Madhu?

(a) 34

(b) 29

(c) 42

(d) 56

25. A bag contains Rs 1800 in the form of one rupee, 50 paise and 25 paise coins in the ratio 3:4:12 . Find the number of 50 paisecoins ?

(a) 600

(b) 900

(c) 450

(d) 750

Directions for the following 7 items

Read the following two passages and answer the items that follow each passage. Your answer to these items should be based on the passages


The contemporary relevance of the dialogic tradition and of the acceptance of heterodoxy is hard to exaggerate. Discussions and arguments are critically important for democracy and public reasoning. They are central to the practice of secularism and for even-handed treatment of adherents of different religious faiths (including those who have no religious beliefs). Going beyond these basic structural priorities, the argumentative tradition, if used with deliberation and commitment, can also be extremely important in resisting social inequalities and in removing poverty and deprivation. Voice is a crucial component of the pursuit of social justice. It is sometimes asserted that the use of dialectics is largely confined to the more affluent and more literate, and is thus of no value to the common people. The elitism that is rampant in such a belief is not only extraordinary, it is made more exasperating through the political cynicism and impassivity it tends to encourage. The critical voice is the traditional ally of the aggrieved, and participation in arguments is a general opportunity, not a particularly specialized skill (like composing sonnets or performing trapeze acts). The nature and strength of the dialogic tradition in India is sometimes ignored because of the much championed belief that India is the land of religions, the country of uncritical faiths and unquestioned practices. Some cultural theorists, allegedly ‘highly sympathetic’, are particularly keen on showing the strength of the faith-based and unreasoning culture of India and the East, in contrast with the ‘shallow rationalism’ and scientific priorities of the West. This line of argument may well be inspired by sympathy, but it can end up suppressing large parts of India’s intellectual heritage. In this pre-selected ‘East-West’ contrast, meetings are organized, as it were, between Aristotle and Euclid on the one hand, and wise and contented Indian peasants on the other. This is not, of course, an uninteresting exercise, but it is not pre-eminently a better way of understanding the ‘East-West’ cultural contrast than by arranging meetings between, say, Aryabhata (the mathematician) and Kautilya (the political economist) on the one hand, and happily determined Visigoths on the other. 

26. How does the dialogic tradition help democracy best?

(a) It gives everyone an opportunity to speak

(b) It secures the equitable interests

(c) Help to spread public awareness

(d) None of the above

27. Critical voice is more useful to ____?

(a) The elite to spread opinions

(b) The lower classes to be heard

(c) Both the elite and the unlettered

(d) The Western traditions

28. According to the author, which of the following statements is incorrect?

(a) Dialogic tradition is important in social justice

(b) Elitist confinement of the critical voice has made political cynicism more prevalent

(c) Indian discourse is largely based on uncritical beliefs

(d) None of the above

Directions (Q.29-33): Read the following information carefully and answer the questions given below it:

There are six persons P, Q, R, S, T and U. R is the sister of U. Q is the brother of T’s husband. S is the father of P and grandfather of U. There are two fathers, three brothers and a mother in the group.

29. Who is the mother?

(a) P

(b) Q

(c) S

(d) T

30. Who is T’s husband

(a) Q

(b) R

(c) P

(d) U

31. How many male members are there in the group?

(a) One

(b) Two

(c) Three

(d) four

32. How is U related to T?

(a) Uncle               (b) Husband

(c) Son                  (d) Daughter

33. Which of the following is a group of brothers?

(a) PQU

(b) PQS

(c) QUR

(d) QSU

34. How many words can be formed from the letters of the word ‘COUNTRY’ so that the vowels are never together?

(a) 4200

(b) 3600

(c) 2400

(d) 2200

35. A train can travel 50% faster than a car. Both start from point A at the same time and reach point B 75 km away from A at the same time. On the way, however, the train lost about 12.5 minutes while stopping-at the stations. The speed of the car is:

(a) 100 kmph

(b) 110 kmph

(c) 120 kmph

(d) 130 kmph

36. In a certain code, CREATIVE is written as BDSBFUJS. How is TRIANGLE written in that code ?





37. At what angle are hands of a clock inclined 18 minutes past 5?

(a) 63.5°

(b) 67°

(c) 69°

(d) 64.5°

38. 62, 87, 187, 412, 812,?

(a) 1412

(b) 1437

(c) 1236

(d) 1246

39. A number divided by 12 leaves remainder 5. What is the remainder when the same number is divided by 3?

(a) 3

(b) 2

(c) 1

(d) 4

40. If 30% of a number is less than 43% of the same number by 78, what is 40% of the number?

(a) 600

(b) 280

(c) 240

(d) 300

41. Rahul travelled 4 km straight toward south.  He then turned left and travelled 6 km and the turned right and travelled 4km straight. How far is he from starting point?

(a) 8km

(b) 10km

(c) 12km

(d) 18km

42. In a certain code, MONKEY is written as NLNMJDX and OVER is written as  PNUDQ. How is MORE written in that language?





43. CYD   FTH   IOL  LJP? Next in the sequence is

(a) OFT

(b) OET

(c) OES

(d) QET

44. If A*B means A is the sister of B; A÷B means A is the brother of B; A#B menas A is the father of B; A%B means A is the son of B. Which of the following means X is the uncle of Y?

(a) Y*K÷X

(b) X#M%Y

(c) X%Z#A÷Y

(d) X÷M#A÷Y

45. The sum of two number is 120 and their HCF and LCM are 8 and 448, the larger between the two

(a) 60

(b) 64

(c) 72

(d) 48

46. Speed of Virat in calm water is 2.5km/hr. If speed of the stream is 1.5km/hr. Find the time taken by him, to travel to and fro a distance of 12km ?

(a) 10 hrs.

(b) 11 hrs.

(c) 14.5 hrs.

(d) 15 hrs.

Directions for the following four items.

Study the following Pie-chart and answer the question based on it

The pie chart shows the breakup of the number of students of a class who are good at one of these five different subjects. No student is good at more than one subject. The numbers indicated are angles of corresponding Subject.

47. Find the difference between the number of students who are good at Biology and those who are good at Hindi. If total strength is 150.

(a) 30

(b) 35

(c) 40

(d) Data inconsistent

48. Find the ratio of those who are good at mathematics to those who are good at Hindi, if class strength is 60?

(a) 3:5

(b) 3:4

(c) 5:7

(d) 5:6

49. By what percent is the number of students good at Mathematics more than those who are good at Economics?

(a) 20%

(b) 25%

(c) 30%

(d) 10%

50. Statements—Good voice is a natural gift but one has to keep practicising to improve and excel in the field of music.


I.   Natural gifts need nurturing and care.

II.  Even though your voice is not good, one keeppracticising.

Which of the conclusions follows the statement.

(a) Only I

(b) Only II

(c) Both I & I

(d) Neither I nor II 


1.    (c)

2.    (b)

3.    (c)

4.    (b)

5.    (b)

6.    (b)

Therefore the meet each other at 7.42 am.

11.    (c)

12.    (a)

13.    (c)

14.    (b)

15.    (c)

16.    (d)

17.       (b) let the sides be L, B, H, are x, 2x, 3x. Surface area of cuboid= 2(LB + BH + HL)

18.    (d)

19.    (c)

20.    (d)

21.    (b)

22.    (d)

23.       (d) Consider that A be the event that the item chosen is rusted And B be theevent that the item chosen is bolt. So A U B is the required set. N(AUB) represents total number in that event.

N(AUB)=N(A) +N(B)-N(AB)
N(A)= 25+75 =100, N(B)= 50, N(A= 25.
N(AUB)= 100+50-25= 125
Propability for rusted or bolt =125/200= 5/8.

24. (a)

let the present age of Madhu be X.
The present age of Radha is X2 +4.
Given that (X2 +4) + ( X2 +4 –X)=10X+3.
X=5, sum of ages is 34.
Ratio of values of 1 rupee , 50 paise and 25 paise coin is i. e ,
(3*1) : (4*0.5) : (3*0.25)=3:2:3.
Therefore, 3x+2x+3x= 1800, 8x = 1800, X= 225.
Value of 50 paise coin = 2 * 225 = 450.
And the number of 50 paise coins = 450*2 = 900.
26. (b)
27. (b)
28. (c)

29. (d)

30. (c)

31. (d)

32. (c)

33. (a)

34. (b) Possible arrangements from letters without vowels _C _N _T _R _Y _= 5!

If vowels are not to be seen together, those two must be inserted among the 6 places, which can be done in 6P2 ways =30. Total ways= 5! *30=3600.

35. (c)  let speed of car be C, and speed of train is C + 0.5C = 1.5C Total time taken be t.

For car speed × time = distance       C × t = 75.

For it took rest for 12.5 min. so effective travel is t-(12.5/60)hr. Therefore 1.5C – (t – (12.5/60)) = 75.


36. (a) The letters are divided into first four and second four and are then reversed. Then the letters with odd places are forwarded one place and letters at even places are moved backward by one place. TRIANGLE                                                                                                              TRIA NGLE     AIRT/ELGE BHSSFKHM.

37. (c)     at 15min past 5 , the minute hand is on 3 and the hour hand is moved from 5 with angular speed 0.5o per min. So angle covered by hour hand = 0.5 *18 = 9

Angle between 3 and 5 is 60o. So total is 69o .

38. (b) first we find the differences of consecutive numbers. They are25, 100, 225, 400. Again we find the differences of these which are 75, 125, 175. The next on should be 225. Next one in the first set of differences would be 400+225 =625. Therefore the next in the series is 812+ 625 =1437.

39. (b)  N = 12Q+ 5   N= 3(4Q)+3 +2.

N = 3(4Q+1) + 2. 2 is the remainder.

40. (c)  let the number be X.

0.43X – 0.3X = 78. X = 600 40% of X = 240

41. (b) Final Horizontal and Vertical distance between initial and final point are 8 and 6. Using pythagorus theorem we get distance

d × d = 8 × 8 + 6 × 6. d =10.

42. (c) the first letter is replace by two letters—the one following and the preceding. Remaining letters are moved one letter backwards.

43. (b) first letter of each word is increasing its place by 3. Similarly for second and third place alphabets in the words are going 5

places backward and 4 places forward respectively. Therefore LJP becomes OET.

44. (d) in option d) X,M are bothers and also A, Y are brothers. M is fathey of A. this makes X uncle of Y.

45. (b) let the one of number be X. the other is 120-X.
We know that product of two numbers is product of LCM and HCF. X*(120 – X)= 8 *448.
X = 64.

46. (d) Speed of virat going upstream is 1km/hr. Speed of virat going downstream is 4km/hr Time taken =12/1 + 12/3 = 15 hrs.

47. (d) Difference =((108-36)*150)/360 = 30. But if you find number of students for science it is not a natural number. i.e number of
science students = (54/360)*150=22.5

Hence data is insufficient.

48. (d) ratio =90:108= 5:6

49. (b) Explanation percentage = (90 – 72)/72 * 100= 25%.

50. (d) I is generalised statement. But, II is notrelated to the given statement and so it does not follow.